A Heterogeneous Sample of a Spanish Tinnitus Cohort

María Cuesta and Pedro Cobo
Brain Sci. 2023, 13(4), 652

Taking into account heterogeneity has been highly recommended in tinnitus studies both to disentangle all diverse factors that can contribute to their complexity and to design personalized treatments. To this aim, a heterogeneous sample of 270 tinnitus subjects is analyzed considering the gender (male/female), hearing condition (hearing-impaired/normal-hearing), and tinnitus severity (compensated/decompensated) subgroups. Two categorical variables (tinnitus laterality and tinnitus sound type) and four quantitative variables (average auditory threshold, age of tinnitus onset, tinnitus frequency, and tinnitus severity) are used. The percentages (for categorical variables) and mean values (for quantitative variables) of the whole sample are compared with these of each subgroup. Furthermore, correlational and hypothesis testing is applied to calculate the correlation coefficients and statistical significance, respectively. The results show that the male and female subgroups contrast in the sound type and frequency of their tinnitus, hearing-impaired and normal-hearing individuals differ, in addition, in their average auditory threshold, and the compensated/decompensated tinnitus subgroup provides significantly distinct values in tinnitus laterality and tinnitus sound.


This research received no external funding.