In the present work, a novel, portable and innovative eNose composed of a surface acoustic wave (SAW) sensor array based on zeolitic imidazolate frameworks, ZIF-8 and ZIF-67 nanocrystals (pure and combined with gold nanoparticles), as sensitive layers has been tested as a non-invasive system to detect different disease markers, such as acetone, ethanol and ammonia, related to the diagnosis and control of diabetes mellitus through exhaled breath. The sensors have been prepared by spin coating, achieving continuous sensitive layers at the surface of the SAW device. Low concentrations (5 ppm, 10 ppm and 25 ppm) of the marker analytes were measured, obtaining high sensitivities, good reproducibility, short time response and fast signal recovery.
This work has been supported by Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México via Grants DGAPA-UNAM-PAPIIT TA100118 and DGAPA-UNAM-PAPIIT IT100518, the Fundación General CSIC via Programa ComFuturo, and the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation via Grant TEC2016-79898-C6-(AEI/FEDER,EU). This research has used the Spanish ICTS Network MICRONANOFABS (partially funded by MINECO).